This is a discussion I've wanted to have with Diplo for a long time. It is a community with people all over the world and we've all been influenced by the American way of life. It's adapted the world on a large scale and for good or bad, we all have been affected by it in one way or another. When it comes to looking to the future however, who will cause the next great impact on the world? Before 1991, Japan was thought by a few remote experts to take the world by storm and become the next superpower with a booming economy and large population but unfortunately the Price Bubble eventually collapsed and the country is still being hit by this economic mishap to this day. So, what nations could potentially hit the world's stage and rival the current USA, or even overtake it as the sole superpower? China Of the list I am going to present, China is likely the best bet. The "Rise of China" has been one of the most common news articles in the 21st century and the country has been slowly growing ever since World War 2. China is even arguably already a superpower who's strength is only rivalled by that of the US and could easily defeat any other nation in an economic, military or political war other than the US. With the largest population in the world at 1.35 billion and in 2014 China overtook the US as the largest economy if measured by Nomial GDP PPP with 21.3 Trillion to the US's 18.6 Trillion. The most worrying thing about China is that it is still growing, for 30 years they were growing by 10% annually but after the 2008 collapse, it fell to around 7%. The Chinese government has said they wish to remove the US's influence in Asia, not agreeing with the influence made by the foreign country on Asian soil. However, there are doubts about China. Due to having few friends around them, they are in a difficult situation when it comes to influence and allies and unless they sort these issues out, expanding their reach beyond Asia would be extremely difficult. Other problems they have to face are demographic with an ageing population and a population with more males than females by a ratio to 6:5. Although a dictatorship has done wonders for China on the inside, it does not aid them abroad when coming to diplomacy. The jury on China is still out but my personal bet is that we see something become of China eventually and it will likely be sooner than people think. The European Union The EU is the sole reason I wanted to do this earlier in the year but unfortunately I never got around to it. With the result of Brexit, the idea of a EU superpower has been setback but for the moment and while Britain still remains, I shall humour them as an option especially since the UK leaving the EU doesn't spell disaster for the possibility of an EU superpower, it just means it may take longer. Many scholars, academics and even politicians believe that the EU will become a super in this very century and the numbers tend to agree with them. The EU has a large population, the largest economy in the world (If seen as a single state) and a declining love for the US foreign policy in recent years. In some views, the idea of the superpower no longer needs a military in the modern world and that is a thing of the Cold-War-Era. If that is the case, both China and the EU are certainly superpower, but if a military is required for the definition then although China comes closer, the EU may not be far behind. Should Russia or Turkey ever wish to join the EU, the population would rise to around 800 million, causing it to be a true rival to that of India or China. Whether such a future would occur however is doubtful, Russia is happy being an independent state and Turkey current fails to comply to EU regulations and ideals. Should Turkey join the EU however, it shall take the EU's level of power to that of the superpower point, providing it with the second largest military in NATO and strengthening the Union in the Middle East and the Mediterranean. The trouble is, many things are going against the EU. Internally the EU has a lot of a strife to the point where the UK's population held a referendum to leave and Parliament still has to vote upon it. Should the UK stay, the EU has a real chance of patching up these issues and allowing the internal squabbles to be fixed. Other issues in the EU are economic, several member states are in incredible debt and decline, namely Greece. Although the bailouts were thought to recover the country, it has actually made little difference and is suffering as ever and with several member states with shrinking economies and debt, it raises the question whether the individual nations are a weakness or a strength of the union. The dispute in Cyprus also raises a problem for the EU, if Turkey is to ever join then the country would have to become unified, until the negotiation is solved it is unlikely the Asian country would join. India The land of curry, elephants and our own Mr. Patel. India is a powerful country in the world with a military, nuclear arms and a growing economy and population. In the years to come it will overtake China in both population and nominal GDP if it continues with its 7% growth a year. The advantage of India compared to that of its rivals is the young population rather than an ageing one like that of the EU, China or US. Another advantage is that the country has many English speakers, allowing it to have better diplomatic relations both with the Commonwealth and the US. The country is certainly only going to grow in every manner but a problem has arisen for the nation in the form of poverty which is a similar one that plagues China. India is behind China in growth and is not expected to catch up for at least two decades and is struggling internally to manage its growth like its Asian neighbour. The Chinese government listens to the media about the expansion of the country and acts accordingly while India does not. Adult literacy is low and the population as a whole is lacking in a correct education which does not aid the idea of it becoming a superpower. Russia Putin himself said that he had no intentions of making Russia a superpower but his actions speak otherwise. With taking the Crimea and his intervention of Syria, he is certainly showing Russian muscle on the world's stage again for perhaps the first real time since the fall of the USSR. The country is repairing old ties with countries in the Middle East and Africa, including that of Syria, Egypt and Turkey. Russia has been seen as a superpower in the past and it is of course possible for it to occur again but it is faced with many problems. An ageing/shrinking population, a declining economy since its actions in the Ukraine and high poverty. If climate change hits Russia and melts away the permafrost, it may allow for Russia to use its biggest advantage which is its resources. A thing which no nation on the planet can compete against especially since Russia is almost twice the size of the next biggest country. What does Diplo think of the world's future? Do we have another 100 years of US influence?